Kisumu is the principal city of Western Kenya, the capital of Nyanza Province and the headquarters of Kisumu District. Kisumu is situated at an altitude of 1131m with direct access to the Winam Gulf, which leads to the vast expanses of the rest of Lake Victoria covering a total area of 68.000 km2 – making it the largest freshwater lake in Africa and the second largest freshwater lake in the world. Kisumu is served by Kisumu Airport, with regular daily flights to Nairobi and elsewhere. It is the third busiest airport in Kenya and recently it was expanded into being an International airport in line with Entebbe and Mwanza airports
Kisumu was fomerly called Port Florence and was a landing point on the British flying boat passenger and mail route from Southampton to Cape Town. Today Kisumu has a population about a half million people making it the third largest town in Kenya. It is quite a pleasant city and there is a much more relaxed atmosphere with much less traffic than in Nairobi. During the past 20-30 years the population of Kisumu has more than doubled and where there were shambas (small fields) in the 1970s, there are now suburbs and huge supermarkets where one can buy almost anything.
Lake Victoria is somewhat of a bird-watchers delight and about 8km from Kisumu city you will find Kisumu Heronry. Also there are many fascinating and idyllic islands in the lake such as Ndere Island, Rusinga Island, Mfangano Island and Takawire Island and on the Ugandan side tourism have picked up on the jungle clad Sese islands.